The main symptom of Tourette’s Syndrome is tics, which usually appear in childhood between the ages of 2 and 14 (averaging at age 6). People with Tourette’s can have a combination of physical and vocal tics.
Examples of physical tics are:
- Jerking of the head/limbs
- Eye rolling
- Touching/grabbing objects or other people
Examples of vocal tics are:
- Tongue clicking
- Throat clearing
- Saying random words or phrases
- Repeating words, phrases or sounds
Tics are not usually harmful to a person’s health, but physical tics that involve jerking of limbs for example, can be painful. Tics can vary from day to day, with some days being worse than others. Things such as stress, anxiety or tiredness may worsen tics.
People with Tourette’s Syndrome can have other medical conditions such as:
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Tourette’s is currently incurable, however research has shown that generally as Tourette’s Syndrome sufferers age their condition improves. Treatment is also available to help people manage their tics although most children with Tourette’s Syndrome don’t need treatment.