In order to diagnose the condition, the doctor will first need to look at your blood pressure and check the amount of cholesterol in your blood. Once an increased level of risk has been established there are various blood and imaging tests that can be carried out to achieve a clear diagnosis and an understanding of the severity of the condition.
Although there is no cure for heart disease the symptoms can be managed. One of the key actions is to make lifestyle changes such as stopping smoking, taking up regular exercise and developing healthy eating habits. Often regular medication is prescribed, this could be blood thinners to help prevent clotting, statins to lower cholesterol, beta blockers to lower blood pressure or nitrates to relax and widen the arteries, there are several possible options. There is also the option of surgical procedures if symptoms cannot be managed by simple lifestyle changes and medication.